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Educated at Edinburgh College of Art, Nan Fergusson was the daughter of Chris J Fergusson and was born and brought up in Dumfries.She moved to Edinburgh with her growing family and continued her art practice, exhibiting at the Royal Glasgow Institute.
Archie Sutter Watt took up a teaching post in Dalbeattie in 1950, expecting to remain in Galloway for a couple of years. For over 50 years, from his base in Kirkgunzeon, Archie played a leading role in the artistic life of Dumfries and Galloway.
Chris Fergusson was born and lived in Dumfries, but had many connections to the Kirkcudbright artists. She painted scenes throughout the region in her individual style.
A leading member of the Glasgow Boys, who painted in both England and Scotland, E A Walton came to know Galloway towards the end of his life. First and foremost a landscape painter, atmosphere of a place was as important to Walton as location.
Born in 1854, James Paterson moved to Moniaive in the late eighteen eighties following his marriage. One of the Glasgow Boys, his paintings of the local area were to become some of his finest works.
Hornel was one of the foremost "Glasgow Boys", and helped to make Kirkcudbright an artistic centre. His home, Broughton House, now belongs to the National Trust for Scotland, and many of his paintings can be seen there.
Influential Polish artist who lived in Galloway during the Second World War.
If F C B Cadell is best known for his Edinburgh Portraits and interiors and his Iona landscapes, Dumfries and Galloway was important to his development as an artist and for his life-long friendship with Ted Stewart of Shambellie.
Painting mainly local landscapes in oils and watercolours W H Clarke died in an accident just as his work was becoming better known and admired.
Daniell, with his uncle Thomas, was responsible for some of the most lavish illustrated books ever published. "A Voyage around Great Britain" included some fine views of Dumfries and Galloway scenes.
George Wright showed early ability as a landscape painter. After breaking his arm he took up a position as Art Master at Annan Academy to help supplement his income as a painter. He left a fine pictorial of his home town.
Best known for his engravings James Faed was born at Barlay Mill, Gatehouse in 1821. At the time of his death on 23 September 1911, James Faed was the last survivor of a famour family of artists.
Born into the highly talented Faed family of artists, James Faed Junior, the eldest son of James Faed Senior is best known for his Scottish landscapes.
Born into the talented Faed family of Gatehouse in 1819, John Faed showed early artistic promise. He left for Edinburgh in 1840 to pursue his career but returned to the town permanently in 1880.
Born in 1827, Susan Faed like her elder brothers had artistic talent. As well as exhibiting at the Royal Scottish Academy she also contributed work to the first Kirkcudbrightshire Fine Art Association.
Gatehouse of Fleet was the home of the Faeds, a remarkable family of artists. Of the six children of James Faed, five had their work exhibited at the Academies in London and Edinburgh.
Famous today mostly for his paintings of cows and calves, David Gauld was one of the most interesting and influential of the Glasgow Boys.
The Glasgow Girls is a name which has become associated with various women artists, designers and craft workers, who studied at Glasgow School of Art and worked in the city at the end of the 19th and early part of the 20th century.
Tom Gourdie, has an important place in the art of Dumfries and Galloway, for during the time that he was stationed at RAF Dumfries he left a unique record of his time there.
This young group of mainly Scottish artists who rebelled against the art establishment in the 1880s and 1890s included artist such as James Guthrie, George Henry, E. A Hornel, John Lavery, and E. A. Walton.
Francis Grose was one of the leading antiquaries of the late eighteenth century, but was also a proficient artist and a friend of Robert Burns...
George Henry is associated with Kirkcudbright at that period when the town was at the cutting edge of Scottish art. His Galloway Landscape remains a timeless image of the Galloway countryside.
Anna and Isobel Hotchkis were born in Crookston, Renfrewshire and both studied art at Glasgow School of Art and also in Munich. They had a love of travelling but both settled in Kirkcudbright.
A multi-talented artist, Tim Jeffs was born in Dumfries moving to Kirkcudbright in 1945. He, with a group of local artists and craft workers established the annual Kirkcudbright Summer School for Arts and Crafts.
Best known for her original and imaginative talent in illustration. She purchased a house in Kirkcubright and with her husband Ernest Taylor returned there in 1915 where they became key members of the artistic community.
Kokoschka was one of the trio of Austrian Expressionist artists (along with Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele) who achieved fame before the First World War.
A regular visitor to Greengate close from 1918. Miles Johnston, his wife Dorothy Nesbitt and family settled in Kirkcudbright in 1940. A talented animal and bird artist, also remembered locally for his watercolours of the area.
Born in Dalbeattie in 1905 John Maxwell returned there on the death of his parents and retired to Galloway in 1945 to paint there full time. Destroying much of his own work, it is only his best works which survive.
Born in Dorset in 1825, Henry Joseph Moule moved to Gatehouse of Fleet in the early 1860s.
He married in 1862 and remained in Gatehouse with his wife and four children for 15 years, painting many local views.
Born in Kirkcudbright, William Mouncey spent most of his life in and around the area and these are the scenes which fill most of his canvases. His works still regularly appear at sales of Scottish Art.
Born in Castle Douglas in 1861 William Stewart MacGeorge studied art in Edinburgh and Antwerp. Returning to Galloway he became a leading member of the Kirkcudbright School.
Charles Oppenheimer first came to Kirkcudbright in 1909 following a chance meeting with E A Taylor in Manchester. Over the next 50 years Oppenheimer remained a leading member of Kirkcudbright's artistic community.
The most popular and successful of the Scottish colourists S J Peploe was a good friend of Jessie M King and E A Taylor. His Kirkcudbright paintings and his landscapes form an important part of his work.
Painter in oils, watercolour and pastel of landscapes, portraits, interiors and still life. In the period 1904 - 1919 painted subjects associated with Dumfriesshire and in particular Dalswinton.
Born in 1863 William Robson was bequeathed Dalreoch estate in Ayrshire, the income from this enabled him to devote his life to art. With his family he moved to Kirkcudbright in 1904 living an active life in the community until his death in 1950
Born in 1915 Charles Stewart inherited Shambellie House in 1962, offering it and his costume collection to the nation in 1977. His talent lay in historical illustration undertaking the first of many commissions in 1943/44.
Jim Sturgeon left a legacy of colour which earned him a reputation of being Galloway's Colourist, painting local scenes, towns, villages, farm buildings, cottages, boats and yachts on the water.
A R Sturrock was a member of the radical Edinburgh Group of artists, which exhibited just before and after the First World War. Moved to Gatehouse in 1926 with his wife and lived there till 1934 producing some of his best work.
As a correspondent for The Studio, E A Taylor was an important figure in the arts in the first decades of the twentieth century. He settled with wife Jessie King in Kirkcudbright, playing a leading role in the development of the artists' colony.
Possibly the best-known British artist, Turner painted and sketched on several occasions in Dumfries and Galloway.
From a well-connected Scottish family and knew many of the Victorian elite. a sketcher and watercolourist who recorded many aspects of social and personal life.
Christopher Whall (1849 - 1924) was a leading member of the Arts and Crafts movement at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. He had a great influence as teacher, author and creator of stained glass windows.
Extracts from a speech by Jim Henderson given at the 90th anniversary dinner of Dumfries and Galloway Fine Art Society on 15th February 2013.
Anna and Isobel Hotchkis
Anna Hotchkis (1885 - 1984)
Born in Crookston, Renfrewshire, Anna Hotchkis studied art initially at Glasgow School of Art. In spite of parental concerns about her delicate health, she was encouraged by Fra Newbery to enrol for courses in drawing and anatomy. After a year at the School, she and her two sisters, Isobel and Margaret, became part of a circle of female art students studying in Munich with Hans Lasker. When her family moved to Edinburgh, Hotchkis transferred to Edinburgh College of Art for the remainder of her training, under Robert Burns, and upon completion of her formal education opened a studio in the city.
Her first links with Kirkcudbright go back to 1915 when she stayed in Greengate Close in a studio rented from Jessie M. King which many years later was to become her home. At this time an outstanding colony of artists - including E.A. Hornel, Charles Oppenheimer, Jessie M. King and E.A. Taylor - lived and worked in Kirkcudbright. She was a frequent visitor to the town in the years that followed, but an inveterate love of travelling drew her away, firstly to Europe and North America, and then China, always gathering material and painting in oils and watercolour. She was first drawn to the East in 1922 by her sister who was a missionary in Manchuria for many years, and Anna spent a year teaching at Yenching University in Peking before returning to Scotland in 1924.
It was not long before she was back, however, and she stayed in China from 1926 until the Japanese invasion in 1937. During her stay she undertook a journey which few Chinese people, if any, had accomplished. Accompanied only by her American friend and fellow painter, Mary Mullikin, she decided to make a pilgrimage to the Nine Sacred Mountains of China and produce a book about the experience (it was published in 1973). They had already the previous year brought out a book called "Buddhist Sculputures at the Yun Kang Caves", and their publisher urged them to go on the trip. The journey involved vast distances through a country which in 1935 and 1936 was in turmoil, with revolutionary forces and brigands vying for control in some areas. Although trained in oil painting, Anna painted predominantly in watercolour, but on her travels in China, she often used pastels which were much easier to carry. In 1937 she heard that the Japanese had entered Peking, so she set off homeward, spending six or seven months in India and finally setting up home in Kirkcudbright in 1938.
She was to live and work in the town for the rest of her life - apart from numerous trips abroad - often working alongside Dorothy Johnstone, May Brown, Cecile Walton and Jessie King, and her paintings have been exhibited as far afield as China and America as well as galleries closer to home in Britain.
She was a member of the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists and exhibited at the Royal Scottish Academy, Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolour (RSW) and Glasgow Institute (GI).
Isobel Hotchkis (1879 - 1947)
Like her younger sister Anna, Isobel Hotchkis was born in Crookston, Renfrewshire and studied art both at Glasgow School of Art and Munich. She also travelled widely, visiting France, Germany, Italy, South Africa and Canada and the Far East, including a trip to Peking with Anna in 1934.
Isobel exhibited at Alexander Reid, Glasgow and Aitken Dott, Edinburgh, in Liverpool and at the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolour as well as the Glasgow Institute. She was a member of the Lady Artists' Club from 1909. She lived in Edinburgh and Kirkcudbright, initially at Greengate when her sister Anna was in China, and then at Shamba, Twynholm from 1935.
Forbidden City, Peking - Anna Hotchkis
Anna Hotchkis painting at Greengate